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The word Шестого?

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So I was using this little interactive Russian thing and a lesson on telling time. They offered the phrase "Пятнадцать минут шестого" and translated it as "Fifteen minutes past five". I know that Пятнадцать is fifteen and минут is minutes, but what exactly is Шестого? Is the "Past five" implied or is it just "Past"? If the former, how would I say something like past six o clock or past seven? If the latter, how do I clarify that I'm referring to a particular hour of the day? Thank you.
asked May 24, 2014 by IvyandRoses (120 points)

1 Answer

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Hi IvyandRoses,

The literal translation of "пятнадцать минут шестого" would be "fifteen minutes of the sixth hour". "Шестого" is the ordinal numeral in the Gentive case that means "sixth".

When we say "past" in English, we use the next hour in the form of an ordinal number:

Twenty minutes past two: Пятнадцать минут третьего

Ten minutes past three: Десять минут четвёртого

 Quarter past four: Четверть пятого

Past six would be "седьмого": 

Fifteen minutes past six: Пятнадцать минут седьмого

Past seven would be "восьмого":

Ten minutes past seven: Пятнадцать минут восьмого.


Best,

Yulia Amlinskaya,
Russian Language Teacher.


 

answered May 24, 2014 by RussianTeacher (19,690 points)

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