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What is the meaning and usage of "грамота" (gramota)?

0 votes
Please, what does "грамота" means?

It seems it is an important word. Google returns 15 million results. But, in my dictionary, I read it is a "charter". A "charter" has different meanings and I don't know which one to choose. If this is the old word for a "law", a "contract", like the "magna carta", then this is not frequently used in English. I feel, I don't understand everything.
asked Jan 16, 2013 by fabri1637 (190 points)

2 Answers

0 votes

Hi fabri1637

The word грамота has different meanings:

  • charter (the old word for a "contract"), exactly as you found it in the dictionary. This word is still used at school when you get a diploma because you were good at something or participated in a contest.

For example,

В школе мне дали почëтную грамоту за участие в соревнованиях по волейболу.

I got a diploma at school for participation in a volleyball competition.

  • literacy, reading and writing, it´s the most widespread meaning.

For example,

В школе нас учат грамоте.

At school we learn how to read and write.

  • skills, basic knowledge

For example,

Компьютерная грамота очень важна в наше время.

Computer skills are very important nowadays.

Kind regards,

Yulia Amlinskaya,

Russian Language Teacher.

answered Jan 16, 2013 by RussianTeacher (19,690 points)
0 votes
Nowadays the word "грамота" is mostly used instead of "грамотность" that is literacy or (indirectly) scholarship. This is rather colloquial meaning but it is widespread.

Other meaning (archaic) is any written document or, more narrow, any official written document: charter, patent letter etc.
answered Jan 16, 2013 by it-ogo (18,220 points)