In English, we say "I'm thirsty" when we want to drink, and we say "I'm hungry" when we want to eat.
I know that in Russian, the "hungry" phrases can be:
Я голоден. (said by a male)
Я голодна. (said by a female)
But there's only one "thirsty" phrase in Russian:
Я хочу пить.
My question is: is it possible to say "I'm thirsty" as briefly as "I'm hungry" in Russian? If yes, what adjective should I use for "thirsty". And if no, it would be interesting to know why Russians say "I want to drink" instead of "I am thirsty"?